(compMus1) Essential Concrete Music Techniques

The book outlines five classic techniques for composing concrete music. Four techniques are derived from tape manipulation, and one is an external process.

Tape Techniques

  • Tape Splicing: allows for the re-ordering of sounds in time.
  • Tape Echo/Delay: self-explanatory
  • Change of Playback Speed: changes pitch and duration.
  • Reversing of Tape Direction: also changes amplitude envelope.


  • Reverberation


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